The Interwar Period in austria
The year 1918 marked a turning point in several ways: Firstly it was the end of the First World War and the Habsburg Empire, which lasted for 645 years. And secondly, the death of the artists Gustav Klimt, Egon Schiele, Koloman Moser and Otto Wagner entailed a considerable hiatus in Viennese artistic activity. The Austrian provinces thus gained rather quickly in importance. The experience of wartime atrocities, the collapse of the Austrian monarchy, a strengthened sense for pacifism and certain social utopias led to existential bewilderment, which is reflected in the art of the era. And furthermore because of the lack of a decisive centre, the artistic work of the interwar period is particularly rich and diverse.
Based on selected masterpieces of Austrian art, the Leopold Museum presents a comprehensive overview of the manifold appearances of paintings of the interwar period and treats their importance which has been so far regarded as being not very high in the context of international developments. As successors to Cézanne, as exponents of Neue Sachlichkeit (New Objectivity) and especially of late Expressionism, Herber Boeckl and the Nötscher Kreis stand out in particular. In Nötsch, a small town in the Austrian province of Carinthia, a lose artist community gathered together in the early twenties. Beside Franz Wiegel, the leading figure of the Nötscher Kreis, Anton Kolig, is on view in the Leopold Museum which presents many of his most outstanding paintings.